Equipo Jurídico

Legal Team


Urquiola de PalacioA practicing lawyer since 1992, Urquiola de Palacio is Managing Partner at Palacio y Asociados, Abogados; she has experience in civil (continental), European, international, and commercial law (among other functions, she was outside counsel of the Commercial Law division of Banco Central Hispanoamericano, S.A. from 1993 to 2001).

Mrs. Palacio’s experience in constitutional and human rights law (before the Spanish Constitutional Court and the European Court of Human Rights) was recognized by her inclusion by the Government of Spain in its list of candidates for ad hoc judges of the European Court of Human Rights in 2012.

Mrs. Palacio is an arbitrator since 2006. She has participated in arbitration procedures before the Spanish Court of Arbitration, the Madrid Court of Arbitration and the Court of Arbitration of the Madrid Bar Association. She is also an international arbitrator of the Civil and Commercial Court of Arbitration (CIMA) and the Interamerican Commission on Commercial Arbitration (CIAC). She has participated in arbitrations in law and ex aequo et bono, as counsel –since 1993-, secretary, sole arbitrator, co-arbitrator and president of arbitral tribunals.

She has acted as a mediator in civil and commercial matters, and in September 2019 she requested to be included in the list of individual mediators set by the Ministry of Justice.

Since September 2019, she is the President of the Madrid Court of Arbitration (she was a member of the Plenary of the Court since September 2017) and the Madrid Business Mediation Centre, of the Madrid Chamber of Commerce. She is also a member of the Governing Board of the Club Español del Arbitraje and President of CEA Mujeres. She is the President of the International Union of Lawyers’ (UIA) Commission on “The future of the lawyer”, representative of the UIA before the World Bank Group and the Global Forum on Law Justice and Development, as well as member of the UIA’s Governing Board. Mrs. Palacio is also Vice President of the Madrid Bar Association’s Institution Protecting the Orphans of the Legal Profession. She is a member of the Board of Directors and counsel of the Spanish Association of Friends of Castles.

Mrs. Palacio teaches at the Pontificial University of Comillas ICAI-ICADE in the Master of Access to the Legal Profession program, where she lectures on litigation before the European Court of Human Rights.

Until September 2019, Mrs. Palacio was President of the Arbitrator candidate Evaluation Committee of the Court of Arbitration of the Madrid Bar Association. Mrs. Palacio has also been a member of the Governing Board of the Madrid Bar Association and a member of the Inter-professional Union of Madrid. She has been a Member of the Board of the Madrid Council of Bar Associations for two terms and served as a member on the Committee of appeals. She has been a member, Treasurer, Vice President and President of the Board of the Alumni Association of the Faculty of Law at the Complutense University. She was also a member of the Board of the Debate Club SIGLO XXI.

The Madrid Bar Association bestowed an honorary membership on Mrs. Palacio in recognition of her work as Counselor of the Council of the Madrid Bar Association and for her work in favor of the legal profession during her professional career.

Born in Madrid on 9 December 1967, she has a degree in Law from the Complutense University of Madrid. She studied at the Lycée Français de Madrid, obtaining both the Spanish and the French (major in economy) baccalaureates.

She is bilingual in French and has a high level of English and basic Italian.


María del Carmen Olías is a lawyer in practice since 1985. She is a founding partner of Palacio y Asociados and has long experience in providing legal advice on commercial and civil law to various companies and individuals, as well as in the field of asset management.

She has extensive legal practice in the field of litigation in both judicial and arbitration proceedings, in civil proceedings – particularly related to property rights and contractual obligations – and commercial matters relating to corporate law.

At Palacio & Asociados she is responsible for the management of the firm, coordinates liaisons with governmental bodies and is in charge of human resources.


Jose María de Palacio holds a degree in Law from the Complutense University of Madrid (1986). He previously studied at the Lycée Français de Madrid, obtaining both the French (major in economics) and Spanish (1981) high-school certificates.

He was admitted to the practice of law in January 1987, with a focus on administrative, civil and commercial law while also carrying out technical management on numerous other projects. He has held the following functions:

  • Secretary Counsel of the Board of Directors of MEMOREX TELEX SA (American multinational in the sector of computing), INTER INNOVATION SA (Swedish multinational in the sector of information and technology), MEDICAL PROFESSIONALS AND COMPANY S.A. / HOSPITAL OF MADRID SA (Healthcare group that operates the Hospital of Madrid, Hospital Monteprincipe, Torrelodones Hospital, Hospital Madrid Norte Sanchinarro and Clara Campal Comprehensive Cancer Center).
  • External Advisor for, amongst others, Bankinter, S.A., Ministry of Economy and Trade of the Government of the Canary Islands (Mr Luis Hernández Pérez Cruz being in office) and Cruz Mayor Supermarkets Group.
  • After a period of interruption in the professional practice of law, he has returned to practice at Palacio y Asociados Abogados after serving as Manager Advisor of the Ombudsman Department.

Between May 1996 and October 2007, Mr Palacio held the following offices:

  • Executive Advisor to the Cabinet of the Justice Minister from 28 May 1996 to July 2000. In this area, he coordinated legislative projects of the Ministry of Justice throughout the Legislature, also intervening on behalf of the Ministry on numerous committees and subcommittees. Apart from parliamentary activity, he also was in charge of the institutional representation of the Ministry in various national and international forums, in addition to carrying out the tasks of coordination with the Ombudsman.
  • Head Advisor of the Interior and Defense Department of the Ombudsman from 3 July 2000 until March 2003. In this area, he directed the activity of the Department, preparing its Annual Reports. During this time, Mr Palacio also participated as a representative of an institution funded by the European Commission to modernize the administration of the Dominican Republic in 2002 program.
  • Between 2003 and 2007, Mr Palacio served as City Councilor of the municipality of Ibarra, Guipuzcoa, elected by the People’s Party in the 2003 municipal election.During this period, he maintained his professional practice as lawyer while serving on the Council.

French: Bilingual, English: fluent, Italian: medium-high.


Ramón Peña, a lawyer since March 2003 (Palacio y Asociados Abogados and independent practice with his own office in Vigo between September 2005 and September 2010), specializes in the fields of civil, commercial and administrative law. Mr Pena has amassed extensive experience in the technical management of administrative procedures, arbitration and court records throughout Spain.

In advising commercial clients, Mr Pena has been especially dedicated to legal auditing, strategic management, corporate restructuring and the provision of legal assistance to senior management. He also has specialization in negotiating techniques and processes and is a qualified mediator.

Born in Vigo on November 1, 1974, he holds a Degree in Law from the Spanish Open University (UNED) and a Master’s Degree in Legal Practice from the Instituto de Empresa (IE).

High level of English.