Equipo Jurídico

Legal Team


Urquiola de PalacioA lawyer in continuous practice since 1992 (Palacio y Asociados, Abogados), Urquiola de Palacio has experience in civil (continental), European, international, and commercial law (among other functions, she was outside counsel of the Commercial Law Counsel of Banco Central Hispanoamericano, S.A. from 1993 to 2001).

Ms Palacio’s experience in constitutional and human rights law (before the Spanish Constitutional Court and the European Court of Human Rights) was recognized by her inclusion by the Government of Spain on its list of candidates for judges ad hoc before the European Court of Human Rights.

Ms Palacio is also a referee, and member of the Spanish Court of Arbitration (under the Superior Council of Chambers of Commerce, Industry and Navigation of Spain), the Court of Arbitration of Madrid (Chamber of Commerce and Industry of Madrid), the Court of Arbitration of the Madrid Bar Association, as well as international referee in the Civil and Commercial Court of Arbitration (Corte Civil y Mercantil de Arbitraje-CIMA) and member of the Interamerican Commission on Commercial Arbitration (Comisión Interamericana de Arbitraje Comercial- CIAC). She has participated in arbitrations in law and equity, both as counsel and secretary, as sole arbitrator, as co-arbitrator and as president of arbitral tribunals.

She is member of the Governing Board of the “Club Español del Arbitraje”. She is President of the International Union of Lawyer’s (UIA) Commission on “The future of the lawyer”, as well as member of the UIA’s Governing Board. Ms Palacio is also Vice President of the Madrid Bar Association’s Institution Protecting the Orphans of the Law Profession. She is member of the Board of Directors and counsel of the Spanish Association of Friends of the Castles.

Ms Palacio is a professor at the Pontificial University of Comillas ICAI-ICADE in the Master of Access to Legal Profession program where she teaches litigation before the European Court of Human Rights.

Ms Palacio was a member of the Governing Board of the Madrid Bar Association and a member of the Inter-professional Union of Madrid. She has been a Member of the Board of the Madrid Council of Bar Associations for two terms and served as a member on the Committee of appeals. She has been a member, Treasurer, Vice President and President of the Board of the Alumni Association of the Faculty of Law at the Complutense University. She was also a member of the Board of the Debate Club SIGLO XXI.

The Madrid Bar Association bestowed an honorary membership on Ms Palacio in recognition of her work as Counselor of the Council of the Madrid Bar Association and for her work in favor of the legal profession during her professional career.

Born in Madrid on 9 December 1967, she has a degree in Law from the Complutense University of Madrid. She studied at the Lycée Français de Madrid, obtaining both the Spanish and the French (major in economy) baccalaureats.

Bilingual in French. High level of English and basic Italian.


María del Carmen Olías is a lawyer in practice since 1985. She is a founding partner of Palacio y Asociados and has long experience in providing legal advice on commercial and civil law to various companies and individuals, as well as in the field of asset management.

She has extensive legal practice in the field of litigation in both judicial and arbitration proceedings, in civil proceedings – particularly related to property rights and contractual obligations – and commercial matters relating to corporate law.

At Palacio & Asociados she is responsible for the management of the firm, coordinates liaisons with governmental bodies and is in charge of human resources.


Jose María de Palacio holds a degree in Law from the Complutense University of Madrid (1986). He previously studied at the Lycée Français de Madrid, obtaining both the French (major in economics) and Spanish (1981) high-school certificates.

He was admitted to the practice of law in January 1987, with a focus on administrative, civil and commercial law while also carrying out technical management on numerous other projects. He has held the following functions:

  • Secretary Counsel of the Board of Directors of MEMOREX TELEX SA (American multinational in the sector of computing), INTER INNOVATION SA (Swedish multinational in the sector of information and technology), MEDICAL PROFESSIONALS AND COMPANY S.A. / HOSPITAL OF MADRID SA (Healthcare group that operates the Hospital of Madrid, Hospital Monteprincipe, Torrelodones Hospital, Hospital Madrid Norte Sanchinarro and Clara Campal Comprehensive Cancer Center).
  • External Advisor for, amongst others, Bankinter, S.A., Ministry of Economy and Trade of the Government of the Canary Islands (Mr Luis Hernández Pérez Cruz being in office) and Cruz Mayor Supermarkets Group.
  • After a period of interruption in the professional practice of law, he has returned to practice at Palacio y Asociados Abogados after serving as Manager Advisor of the Ombudsman Department.

Between May 1996 and October 2007, Mr Palacio held the following offices:

  • Executive Advisor to the Cabinet of the Justice Minister from 28 May 1996 to July 2000. In this area, he coordinated legislative projects of the Ministry of Justice throughout the Legislature, also intervening on behalf of the Ministry on numerous committees and subcommittees. Apart from parliamentary activity, he also was in charge of the institutional representation of the Ministry in various national and international forums, in addition to carrying out the tasks of coordination with the Ombudsman.
  • Head Advisor of the Interior and Defense Department of the Ombudsman from 3 July 2000 until March 2003. In this area, he directed the activity of the Department, preparing its Annual Reports. During this time, Mr Palacio also participated as a representative of an institution funded by the European Commission to modernize the administration of the Dominican Republic in 2002 program.
  • Between 2003 and 2007, Mr Palacio served as City Councilor of the municipality of Ibarra, Guipuzcoa, elected by the People’s Party in the 2003 municipal election.During this period, he maintained his professional practice as lawyer while serving on the Council.

French: Bilingual, English: fluent, Italian: medium-high.


Carlos Cabeza de Vaca, a practicing lawyer (since August 1999 and member of ICAM since October 2000). His practice focuses on the fields of civil, commercial and criminal law, where he has amassed significant counsel experience in litigation and administrative proceedings at all levels.

In the commercial sphere, Mr Cabeza de Vaca is particularly dedicated to providing management advice to corporations and foundations (for which he also serves as part of the secretariats), both in regard to internal operations as well as their relationships with other national or foreign entities. In the field of civil law, his practice focuses on contracts, leases, real estate, family law and succession; while in criminal matters, Mr Cabeza de Vaca primarily specializes in the areas of white collar and domestic violence.

Born in Madrid on March 19, 1976, he holds a degree in Law (specializing in Business Law) from the Universidad Pontificia de Comillas (ICAI – ICADE).

High level of English and French.


Ramón Peña, a lawyer since March 2003 (Palacio y Asociados Abogados and independent practice with his own office in Vigo between September 2005 and September 2010), specializes in the fields of civil, commercial and administrative law. Mr Pena has amassed extensive experience in the technical management of administrative procedures, arbitration and court records throughout Spain.

In advising commercial clients, Mr Pena has been especially dedicated to legal auditing, strategic management, corporate restructuring and the provision of legal assistance to senior management. He also has specialization in negotiating techniques and processes and is a qualified mediator.

Born in Vigo on November 1, 1974, he holds a Degree in Law from the Spanish Open University (UNED) and a Master’s Degree in Legal Practice from the Instituto de Empresa (IE).

High level of English.